Le processus de patrimonialisation des produits de la spécificité pour la construction et le développement territorial : Cas des tapis «Ouaouzguiti» entre le territoire du grand Tazenakht Et Marrakech

Omar Daliane, animateur touristique, en train de nous expliquer le processus du coloriage de la laine.
Omar Daliane, animateur touristique, en train de nous expliquer le processus du coloriage de la laine.

Hanane Bouaabid
Sous la direction du Pr. Said Boujrou.
Laboratoire des Etudes et Recherches sur les Montagnes Atlasiques-Territoire, Développement, Durabilité. Université Cadi Ayyad-Marrakech.

Important publications on the study of the cultural tangible and intangible heritage in recent years reveal a body of literature that classifies certain objects and ideas as belonging to what is known as World Heritage. This thesis aims at presenting certain construction and territorial developments as essentially works of World Heritage. This work is carried out in the region of Greater Tazenakht, which lies to theSouth-East of Marrakech, Morocco. In the weaving industry, carpets called “Ouaouzguiti” are presented as World Heritage. These carpets are created exclusively by women but are marketed by men.

The method of participant observation accompanied by the use of anthropological tools enables the researcher to describe the production process -a large-scale work in which the woman’s body is mediated materially through its products, which include both human activity as well as and the sensory.

The theoretical contribution employs the framework based on the theory of Actor-Network, which offers a more fruitful analysis of actions that unfold in the chain of production of carpetsa way of tracing the boundaries and limits of networks of these actors.

This study explores how women construct their femininity through weaving, in conditions of confinement, where a large number of players are involved. The factors which influence specific decision-making and the social significance of the carpet are investigated, particularly its social significance for producers and for the rest of the community. The value of women remains restricted between their art and the market.

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